×

Trying For A Baby? When To Seek Help.

23 December 2019

When should I see a fertility specialist?

Infertility is defined as being unable to fall pregnant after:

  • 12 months of regular unprotected sex if you’re under 35
  • 6 months if you’re over 35.

When to see a fertility specialist straight away

Females

For females, see your fertility specialist if you’ve been diagnosed with or treated for:

  • irregular or absent periods
  • PCOS or endometriosis
  • tubal damage (or previous tubal ligation surgery)
  • recurrent miscarriage
  • premature menopause
  • known genetic concerns.

Males

For males, see your fertility specialist if you’ve been diagnosed with:

  • low sperm count
  • poor sperm shape (morphology) or movement (motility)
  • antisperm antibodies
  • ejaculatory concerns
  • absence of sperm (azoospermia)
  • known genetic concerns
  • issues from a prior vasectomy.

Making an appointment

You need to make an appointment to see a fertility specialist near you.

What are the first steps?

Your fertility specialist will start with a review of your general health and medical history, before deciding on which routine test or procedures are appropriate.

For females, tests may include:

  • pelvic ultrasound
  • a blood tests on day 2-5 of your cycle to measureFollicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing Hormone (LH), Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), Prolactin
  • screening for HIV, Hep B and Hep C (blood test).
  • Rubella (German measles) and varicella (chickenpox) immunity (blood test)
  • ovarian reserve blood test.

For males, tests may include:

  • semen analysis to check for sperm antibodies and possible infections
  • screening for HIV, Hep B and Hep C (blood test).

Some men need to have 2 semen analyses.